Kotlin Flow Zip Operator for Parallel Multiple Network Calls

  • Amit Shekhar
    Amit Shekhar
    Published on
Kotlin Flow Zip Operator for Parallel Multiple Network Calls

I am Amit Shekhar, Co-Founder @ Outcome School, I have taught and mentored many developers, and their efforts landed them high-paying tech jobs, helped many tech companies in solving their unique problems, and created many open-source libraries being used by top companies. I am passionate about sharing knowledge through open-source, blogs, and videos.

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In this blog, we will learn about the Kotlin Flow Zip Operator and how to make multiple network calls in parallel using it.

This blog is a part of the series I have written on Flow API in Kotlin:

Let's get started.

First, let's understand what is a zip operator in Kotlin Flow.

What is a zip operator in Kotlin Flow?

Zip Operator is an operator that combines the emissions of two flow collections together via a specified function and emits single items for each combination based on the results of this function.

zip operator kotlin flow marble diagram

Let's understand the marble diagram with the example code:

val flowOne = flowOf(1, 2, 3)
val flowTwo = flowOf("A", "B", "C")

flowOne.zip(flowTwo) { intValue, stringValue ->
}.collect {

The output will be the following:


Parallel Multiple Network Calls

A real use case in Android: When we want to make two network calls in parallel and want the results of both the network calls in a single callback when both the network calls are completed.

I will be using this project for the implementation part. You can find the complete code for the implementation mentioned in this blog in the project itself.

We will take the example of ParallelNetworkCallsViewModel which is present in the project.

Basically, this ParallelNetworkCallsViewModel is a ViewModel that is associated with ParallelNetworkCallsActivity which triggers the ViewModel to fetch the list of users to render into the UI. The ParallelNetworkCallsViewModel, then asks the data layer for the list of users using the ApiHelper. The ViewModel makes the two network calls in parallel which are as getUsers and getMoreUsers.

So, here we have two flow of network calls:

  • getUsers
  • getMoreUsers

As you can see below, the ViewModel uses the Kotlin Coroutines and LiveData. Also, notice that the zip operator is used in the below code.

class ParallelNetworkCallsViewModel(
    private val apiHelper: ApiHelper,
    private val dbHelper: DatabaseHelper,
    val dispatcherProvider: DispatcherProvider
) : ViewModel() {

    private val _uiState = MutableStateFlow<UiState<List<ApiUser>>>(UiState.Loading)

    val uiState: StateFlow<UiState<List<ApiUser>>> = _uiState

    init {

    private fun fetchUsers() {
        viewModelScope.launch(dispatcherProvider.main) {
            _uiState.value = UiState.Loading
                .zip(apiHelper.getMoreUsers()) { usersFromApi, moreUsersFromApi ->
                    val allUsersFromApi = mutableListOf<ApiUser>()
                    return@zip allUsersFromApi
                .catch { e ->
                    _uiState.value = UiState.Error(e.toString())
                .collect {
                    _uiState.value = UiState.Success(it)


Here, as we have used a zip operator, it makes both the network calls in parallel and gives the results of both the network calls in a single callback when both the network calls are completed.

By zipping two flow collections using the Zip operator, both the network calls run in parallel. And we get the result when both finish. In this way, we get the results of both the flow collections at a time.

Advantages of Zip Operator of Flow

  • Run both the tasks in parallel.
  • Return the results of two tasks in a single callback when both the tasks are completed.

This way we can use the Zip Operator of Flow to solve the interesting problem.

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That's it for now.


Amit Shekhar
Co-Founder @ Outcome School

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